Prelude, Circa 1758-1770
- Hawaiʻi island.
- Kamehameha is born a po'olua, having two dads, Keōua and Kahekili.
- Keōua is the brother of Kalaniʻōpuʻu, King of Hawaiʻi island.
- Kahekili is the King of Maui.
- Kalaniʻōpuʻu adopts Kamehameha (around age 12) when Keōua eventually dies.
Kamehameha in his late years
- Maui, the year is now 1790.
- Our journey begins in Wailuku (waters of destruction).
- The landscape is lush and green, mostly loʻi kalo (taro fields).
- The rain waters run mauka to makai (from the mountain to the sea).
- Kamehameha and his forces land in Kahului.
- Kalanikūpule, son of Chief Kahekili, flees Maui after defeat by Kamehameha at the battle of Kepaniwai (1790).
- Kamehameha conquers the island with the aid of cannons called lopaka.
- Kahekili later reclaims Maui and avenges against Kamehameha on Hawaiʻi island; draw - Kahekili retreats to Oʻahu.
An aerial photo of 'Iao stream on Maui
- Kamehameha conquers most of Hawaiʻi island.
- Hawaiʻi becomes a protectorate of Great Britain.
- Kahekili dies on O'ahu by natural cause, son Kalanikūpule takes charge.
The British Union Jack is raised above Hawaiʻi
- With the continued aid of gun technology, Kamehameha conquers Maui, Lānaʻi, and Moloka'i.
- Kalanikūpule is defeated at the battle of Nuʻuanu on Oʻahu and is later sacrificed to Kūkaʻilimoku (god of war).
- Kamehameha defeats remaining opposition on Hawai'i island.
Warriors over Nu'uanu pali (cliff) on O'ahu
- Kamehameha moves his capitol from Lahaina to Honolulu.
Moku‘ula in Lahaina
- Kamehameha and Kaumualiʻi make an agreement in Honolulu for peace.
- Kauaʻi and Niʻihau would be relinquished to Kamehameha upon the death of Kaumualiʻi.
- Kamehameha dies in 1819, Kaumualiʻi dies in 1824.
- Kamehameha II (age 22) also dies in 1824 (age 26).
- Kamehameha III (age 11) becomes king.
Kaumualiʻi, chief of Kauaʻi and Niʻihau
Kamehameha II (Liholiho)
Kamehameha III (Kauikeaouli)
- Kamehameha III enacts the first constitution of Hawaii.
A righteous constitution (1852)
- The British and French governments recognize Hawaii as an independent state on Lā Kūʻokoʻa.
Anglo-Franco Proclamation signed at the Court of London on November 28, 1843
- Fundraising for Queen's Hospital.
Kamehameha IV (Alexander Liholiho, reign: 1856-1863)
Queen Emma Kaleleonālani Naʻea Rooke (born: 1836)
Kamehameha V (Lot Kapuāiwa, reign: 1863-1872)